Guy Clark's Ancient Coins and Antiquities

Medieval Coins


Last update: 3 April 2011

Medieval Coinage

Medieval Armenia


Many of the Armenian issues, and especially the Cilician Armenia issues, can be considered Crusader related issues as groups on their way to the Crusades often traveled through or stopped over in these areas.

MC502B. Cilician Armenia, Levon I, ca 1198-1219, AR Tram (3.0g). King enthroned facing/2 lions, long cross behind, Bedoukian 259. Centered, some flatness in a few spots but nice figures, dark grey tone, a nice example with a bold portrait, scarce this nice, Very Fine....$95 Photo

MC502C. Cilician Armenia, Levon I, ca 1198-1219, AR Tram (3.0g). King enthroned facing/2 lions, long cross behind, Nerc. 286ff. Centered, some weakness in legends as usual, clear types, light tone, a very nice example, Very Fine+....$125 Photo

MC509A. Cilician Armenia, Levon I, ca 1198-1219, AE Tank. Bearded leonine head facing, 5 dots in crown/Patriarchal cross on 2 steps, star either side, Nerc. 301ff. Slightly offcenter on large flan, nothing off, dark brown patina, clear types with clear lion head, Very Fine/about Very Fine....$95 Photo

MC509B. Cilician Armenia, Levon I, ca 1198-1219, AE Tank. Bearded leonine head facing, 6 dots in crown/Patriarchal cross on 2 steps, star either side, Nerc. 308. Slightly offcenter on oversized flan, nothing off, some legend weak, black patina, clear types with nice bold lion head, Very Fine/about Very Fine....SOLD Photo

MC504A. Armenia, Hetoum I and Zabel, AD 1226-1270, AR Tram. Hetoum and Zabel stand facing, long cross between/Lion walks rt. with cross, Nercessian 336-337var. Centered, evenly struck and bold with very minor flatness in few letters, dark grey tone with silvery highlights, Very Fine+....$95 Photo

MC504B. Armenia, Hetoum I and Zabel, AD 1226-1270, AR Tram (2.9g). Hetoum and Zabel stand facing, long cross between/Lion walks rt. with cross, Nercessian 340ff. Centered, some flatness in center both sides, light grey tone, Very Fine....SOLD Photo

MC506. Cilician Armenia, Hetoum I, AD 1226-1270, AE Tank. King enthroned facing/Cross potent. Slightly offcenter on large flan, tops of some letters off, dark brown patina, clear types, Very Fine....$110 Photo

MC511. Cilician Armenia, Hetoum II, AD1289-1305, AE Kardez. King enthroned facing/Cross, Nerc.400. Slightly offcenter on slightly irregular flan, some legends partially off each side, clear types, even brown patina, about Very Fine-Very Fine....$65 Photo

MC512. Cilician Armenia, Hetoum II, AD1289-1305, AE Kardez. King enthroned facing/Cross, Nerc.400. Flan slightly small, most legends complete, slightly rough brown patina, design slightly weak due to slightly thick patina, clear, Fine....$45 Photo

MC507. Cilician Armenia, Smpad, AD 1296-1298, AE Kardez (1.8g). King on horse rt./Cross with 4 lilies, Bedoukian 1697. Near centered, medium brown patina, worn but clear types, SCARCE, Fine....$75 Photo

MC508. Cilician Armenia, Smpad, AD 1296-1298, AE Kardez (1.2g). King on horse rt./Cross with 4 fleur-de-lis, Bedoukian 1714. Near centered, medium brown patina, worn but clear types, SCARCE, Fine....$85 Photo

MC513. Cilician Armenia, Levon III, AD 1301-1307, AE Kardez. King enthroned facing/Cross potent, Nerc. 434. Offcenter a bit both sides due to slightly small flan, dark brown patina with light earthen highlighting, clear types, scarcer ruler, Fine....SOLD Photo

MC514. Cilician Armenia, Levon V Lusignan, AD 1374-1375, Billon Obole. King head facing/Cross, Bedoukian 2238. Centered on slightly ragged flan, light tone, clear types, RARE ruler and denomination, nice for these RARE issues, Very Fine....$395 Photo

The Balkans

Bulgaria

MC90. Bulgaria, Constantine Asen, AD1257-1277, AE19mm (1.27g). Constantine enthroned/Open cross, Dochev XXVII, 5. Centered, slightly clipped or small flan, weak as usual but types fairly clear, dark green and black patina (did not scan well), RARE, Fine....$60 Photo

MC92. Bulgaria, Ivan Alexander and Theodora, AD1331-1371, AE19mm (0.84g). Ivan and Theodora standing either side of cross/Monogram, Dochev XXXIV, 3. Near centered, dark brown patina, weak in areas but basically clear types, RARE, about Very Fine-Very fine for type....$95 Photo

MC93. Bulgaria, Ivan Alexander, AD1331-1375, with Michael, ca AD1331-1355, AR Grus. Nimbate figure of Christ standing facing/Ivan and Michael standing, Met. Pl. 8,11. Near centered, tops of crowns off rev., some weak spots as usual but overall fairly nice, clear types, Very Fine....$75 Photo

MC94. Bulgaria, Ivan Sratsimir, AD1360-1396, AR Grus (0.53g). Nimbate bust of Christ facing/King seated facing, nimbate, Dochev pl. 14,1. Near centered, very crude with weak spots, types fairly clear, RARE, about Very Fine....$110 Photo

MC95. Bulgaria, Ivan Sisman, 1371-1393, AR Grus. Line-dot depiction of bust of Christ/King stands facing. Centered, decent strike with little weakness, clear types, Very Fine....$45 Photo

Crusader States Coinage

Achaea

MC104. Crusader States, Achaea, William de Villehardouin, AD 1245-1278, AR Denier Tournois. Castle/Cross, CCS 10a. Centered, grey tone, clear types, Very Fine....$75 Photo

MC105. Crusader States, Achaea, Athens, William I de la Roche, 1280-1287, AR Denier Tournois. Castle, THEBES.../Cross, ATENES..., Schl. XIII, 2; Met. 269-272. Centered, dark tone with silvery highlights, nice example, Very Fine....SOLD Photo

MC106A. Crusader States, Achaea, Athens, Guy II de la Roche, AD 1287-1308, AR Denier Tournois. Castle/Cross, Schl. XIII, 9; Met. 779-781. Centered, dark tone, nice example, Very Fine....$85 Photo

MC106B. Crusader States, Achaea, Athens, Guy II de la Roche, AD 1287-1308, AR Denier Tournois. Castle, star below/Cross, Schl. XIII, 10; CCS 95; Met. 779-781. Centered, dark tone with some silvery highlights, nice example, Very Fine....$85 Photo

MC107. Crusader States, Achaea, Charles II of Anjou, AD 1285-1289, AR Denier Tournois. Castle/Cross, Schl. XII, 17; CCS 12. Centered, light grey tone, nice example, Very Fine+....$95 Photo

MC110. Crusader States, Achaea, Clarenza, Isabelle de Villehardouin, 1297-1301, AR Denier Tournois. Castle/Cross. Centered on fairly regular flan, decent detail, dark tone, SCARCE, Very Fine....$125 Photo

Epirus

MC219. Crusader States, Epirus, Philip of Tarentum, 1294-1313, AR Denier Tournois. Castle/Cross, Schl. XIII, 20. Centered, clear types and legends, light tone, Very Fine....$75 Photo

MC226. Crusader States, Epirus, John II Orsini, 1323-1335, Denier Tournois. +IOhS DESPOTVS, Stylized castle/+DE ARTA CAPTRV, Cross. Near centered on irregular flan, dark tone, legends partially weak, types clear, SCARCE, Fine....$45 Photo

Antioch

MC108. Crusader States, Antioch, Tancred, AD1104-1112, AE Follis (3.68g). Facing bust of St. Peter/4 line inscription, Metcalf CCS 49ff. Obv. near centered, rev. slightly off and flan small as usual losing some letters, worn but clear and nicer looking than most of these things usually are, dark brown patina with very light dirt adhering, ex. Slocum collection, Fine....SOLD Photo

MC173. Crusader States, Antioch, Tancred, AD1104-1112, AE Follis (3.07g), Type 1. St. Peter bust facing/4-line legend, Ex. Slocum Collection, Metcalf 49. Centered, dark brown and black patina with spots of light reddish encrustation rev., obv. clear, some spots of flatness and garbling from over striking rev. with some letters unclear, Fine+ - about Very Fine....$145 Photo

MC233. Crusader States, Antioch, Tancred, AD1104-1112, AE Follis, Type 2. Tancred bust facing, wearing turban and holding sword/IC-XC/NI-KA in quadrants of cross, overstruck on Type 1, Met. 63ff. Near centered with some weakness and garbling as usual, attractive olive green patina, both types fairly clear, about Very Fine....SOLD Photo

MC238. Crusader States, Antioch, Tancred, AD1104-1112, AE Follis, Type 3. St. Peter bust facing/Letters in angles of cross, Metcalf 71ff. Obv. centered a bit low and rev. centered slightly high with nothing off, dark brown patina, 2 letters at top rev. weak, clear types, some garbling as usual from overstriking but very clear for these, SCARCE, Fine+/Fine....$175 Photo

MC239. Crusader States, Antioch, Roger of Salerno, AD1112-1119, AE Follis, Type 1. Christ stands facing/DNE/SAL/FT/RO in quarters of cross, Met.86-88. Obv. near centered, rev. centered to left crowding some letters, dark brown patina, crude as usual and overstruck with some garbling and flattening, types clear, Fine....$165 Photo

MC240. Crusader States, Antioch, Roger of Salerno, AD1112-1119, AE Follis, Type 2. Mother of God stands orans/4-line legend, Met.89ff. Obverse near centered, rev. centered to left losing some letters, dark brown patina, much nicer than usual, not overstruck, types clear, Very Fine....SOLD Photo

MC237. Crusader States, Antioch, Roger of Salerno, AD1112-1119, AE Follis (6.02g). Virgin stands facing orans/Inscription, MPS 8; Met.89ff. Obv. centered, rev. centered a bit to left with weakness in some letters, dark brown patina, crude as usual, types clear, nice example, Fine+ - about Very Fine....$395 Photo

MC144. Crusader States, Antioch, Raymond of Poitiers, AD 1136-1149, AR Denier (1.12g). Head rt. in circle/Cross, CCS 16; Slocum 113. Centered, clear portrait and legends, light grey tone, RARE, about Very Fine....$595 SOLD Photo

MC146. Crusader States, Antioch, Bohemund III, minority, AD 1149-1163, AR Denier, Class A (1.0g). Young head rt./Cross, Met. 341-45; CCS 22-24. Nicely centered and well struck with none of the usual weakness seen in these, an uncommonly nice example, Very Fine+....$375 SOLD Photo

MC147. Crusader States, Antioch, Bohemund III, 1163-1201, AR Helmet Denier, Class C(very narrow bust). Name around head left in chain mail, crescent before and star behind/City name around Cross, CCS 65ff; Metcalf 368ff. I have a small group as follows:
A. Near centered, decent strike with clear portrait, some legend a bit weak, dark tone, a nice example, Very Fine....SOLD Photo
B. Centered, clear strike, some weak spots in legends, a nice clear example, Very Fine....$95 Photo
C. Near centered, decent strike with some weakness in obv. legend and portrait where cross design comes through, a decent example, Very Fine....$95 Photo
D. Centered, some weakness in legends, light tone, a decent example, Very Fine.....SOLD Photo
E. Near centered, dark tone, overall somewhat weak from strike, clear types, about Very Fine.....$75 Photo
F. Centered, light tone, overall somewhat weak from strike, clear types, about Very Fine....$65 Photo

MC148. Crusader States, Antioch, Bohemund III, 1163-1201, AR Helmet Denier. Name around head left in chain mail, crescent before and star behind/City name around Cross, CCS 65ff; Metcalf 368ff. I have a small group as follows:
A. Near centered, decent strike with clear portrait, some legend a bit weak, spot of thin encrustation top obverse, a nice example, Very Fine....$125 Photo
B. Centered, clear strike, couple of weak spots in legends, a nice example, Very Fine....$135 Photo
C. Centered, nice strike with some weakness in legend and small spot on portrait, a nice example, Very Fine....$135 Photo
D. Centered, dark tone, minimal weakness, a nice example, Very Fine.....SOLD Photo
E. Near centered, dark tone, weak spot at front of bust, clear types, about Very Fine.....$135 Photo
F. Centered, medium grey tone and light encrustation in few spots at top obverse, clear types, Very Fine....$125 Photo

MC149. Crusader States, Antioch, Raymond Rupin, 1216-1219, AR Helmet Denier (0.8g). Name around head left in chain mail, crescent before and star behind/City name around Cross, CCS 93. Slightly offcentered obverse affecting top legends, medium grey tone, clear strike with some weakness in legends, RARE ruler, nice example, Very Fine....SOLD Photo

MC150. Crusader States, Antioch, Bohemund IV, 1201-1233, AE Pougeoise (0.6g). Lis/Cross, struck ca 1210-1216 or later, CCS 91(R). Near centered on small flan, brown patina, Very Fine....$125 SOLD Photo

Jerusalem

MC166. Crusader States, Kingdom of Jerusalem, Baldwin III, AD1143-1163, AR Denier, 'rough' style (1.0g). BALDVINVS REX around cross/+DEIERVSALEM, Tower of David, Metcalf 93var. Nicely centered, clear types and legends, light tone, RARE, Very Fine....SOLD Photo

MC167. Crusader States, Kingdom of Jerusalem, Baldwin III, AD1143-1163, AR Obole (0.7g). BALDVINVS REX around cross/+DEIERVSALEM, Tower of David, Schl. III, 24; Metcalf 93var. Nicely centered, clear types and legends, toned, RARE, Very Fine....$275 SOLD Photo

MC168. Crusader States, Kingdom of Jerusalem, Baldwin III, AD1143-1163, AR Obole. BALDVINVS REX around cross/+DEIERVSALEM, Tower of David, Ex. Schonwalter Collection, Schl. III, 24; Metcalf 93var. Centered, clear types and legends, dark tone, RARE, Very Fine....SOLD Photo

MC169. Crusader States, Kingdom of Jerusalem, Beirut, Raymond of Tripolis, Lord of Beirut, AD1184-1186, AE Denier. +DAVIT, Tower of David/TVRRIS, 8-rayed star, Ex. Schonwalter Collection, CCS 2; Schl. III, 26; Metcalf 206-207. Nicely centered, clear types and legends, brown patina with light earthen encrustation in legends, RARE, Very Fine....SOLD Photo

MC174. Crusader States, Kingdom of Jerusalem, Anonymous, ca AD 1187, AR Denier (1.04g). +TVRRIS DAVIT retrograde, Tower of David, 4 flags protruding from sides/+SEPVLChRVM DOMINI, Holy Sepulchre showing rock tomb and aedicule, guardian angel(?) above, Slocum 288; CCS 51; Schl.-; Met. pg.77. Near centered, some weak spots as struck, mostly in legends, types clear, EXCEEDINGLY RARE, Very Fine....SOLD Photo
This is one of the rarest of Crusader issues; Metcalf notes only 6 examples known, at least one of which is in Eretz Museum in Israel. This specimen is one of the finest, possibly the finest, of the known examples. They were apparently struck by Balian d'Ibelin and the patriarch Heraclius as an emergency issue during the seige of Jerusalem in 1187. It is believed that these were made from the silver that had covered the entrance to the Holy Grotto. William of Tyre writes 'Then Balian and the patriarch went and had the tomb edicule of the Sepulchre which was all covered in silver uncovered; and then they had it taken away to be struck into money to be given to the knights and sergeants.'

MC172. Crusader States, Kingdom of Jerusalem, Damietta, Jean de Brienne, AD1210-1225, AR Denier (0.74g). King head crowned/Cross, Damietta, after 1219, struck in Acre(?), CCS 43; Schl. III, 31; Metcalf 203. Nicely centered, little of the usual weakness, clear types and legends, dark tone, RARE, one of the nicest of these I have handled, Very Fine....$425 SOLD Photo

Kingdom of Cyprus

MC247. Crusader States, Cyprus, Guy de Lusignan, King of Jerusalem, AD 1186-1192, Lord of Cyprus, AD 1192-1194, AE Denier. +REX GVIDO D, King head facing/+EIERVSALEM, Church of the Holy Sepulchre, Ex. Schonwalter Collection, Met. pp 177-180; Schl. III, 25; CCS 32a. Near centered, dark brown patina, some weakness in legends, clear types, RARE, Fine-about Very Fine....$695 Photo

MC249. Crusader States, Cyprus, Hugh I, 1205-1218, AR Denier. hVGO REX around cross/CYPRI, Gateway, CCS 12. Near centered, some weakness in legends, grey tone, name and types clear, SCARCE, Fine....SOLD Photo

MC250. Crusader States, Cyprus, Hugh IV, 1324-1359, AR Gros (4.51g). King enthroned, B with pellet above to left/Cross, small crosses in quadrants, ex. James Stewart Coll., Schl. VI, 24. Centered, grey tone, few spots of weakness, nice example, Very Fine....SOLD Photo

MC253. Crusader States, Cyprus, Peter/Pierre I, 1359-1369, AR Demi-gros (1.1g). King enthroned facing/Cross and crosslets, Ex. Stewart Coll. (but no tag with it). Near centered on small flan, head partly off obv., much legend off, light grey toned, clear figure and cross, SCARCE, Fine....$125 Photo

MC265. Crusader States, Cyprus, Peter/Pierre II, 1369-1382, AR Gros (3.9g). King enthroned facing, shield with rampant lion to rt./Cross and crosslets, Famagusta mint, Die P; CLC 45:3-6var (rev. unrecorded). Near centered, some weakness in legends and lower obv./rt. rev., light tone, decent facial detail on king, Fine-Fine+....$295 Photo

MC257. Crusader States, Cyprus, Peter/Pierre II, 1369-1382, Billon Denier. Lion rampant/Cross, M.-; Schl.-; CCS 106. Near centered on irregular flan, legends weak, flan notch and crack at bottom, lion mostly clear, rev. better, not lovely but VERY RARE, Fine....$50 Photo

MC222. Crusader States, Cyprus, Janus/Jean II, AD 1398-1432 and 1432-1458, Billon Denier. Lion rampant/Cross, M.-; Schl.VII, 2; CCS 126. Centered, clear types, toned and very lightly porous, Very Fine+....SOLD Photo

MC243. Crusader States, Cyprus, James II, AD 1460-1473, AE Sezin(Sixain). Lion rampant to left/Cross and crosslets, CCS 163ff. Offcentered to left somewhat each side, nice strike with clear types, brown patina, Very Fine....$95 Photo

Rhodes, Knights of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem

MC170. Crusader States, Rhodes, Knights of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem, Raymond Berenger, AD 1365-1374, AR Gigliato. Grand master kneels before cross/Cross fleury, CCS 22; Schl. X, 7. Nicely centered, few slightly weak spots but none of the common garbling from doublestriking, dark tone, nice clear example, about Very Fine....$495 Photo

MC171. Crusader States, Rhodes, Knights of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem, Robert de Juilly, AD 1374-1376, AR Gigliato. Grand master kneels before cross/Cross fleury, CCS 24; Schl. X, 8. Near centered, few slightly weak spots but none of the common garbling from doublestriking, light tone with one dark spot, nice clear example, SCARCE, Very Fine....$575 Photo

Normans in Sicily

MC190. Crusader States, Normans in Sicily, Roger I, AD 1072-1105, AE Trifollaro. Mounted knight left/Madonna and child. Near centered on somewhat irregular flan, dark brown patina, clear types and very nice for these, SCARCE, Very Fine....SOLD Photo

MC141. Crusader States, Kingdom of Sicily, Roger II, Count, AD 1105-1154, AE Follis. Christ enthroned facing/Roger stands facing, Spahr 53. Near centered on somewhat irregular flan, very slightly rough dark brown patina, clear types and decent for these, SCARCE, Fine+....$195 Photo

MC180. Crusader States, Sicily, William II, AD 1166-1189, AE Follaro. Lion head facing/Kufic script, Spahr 118. Near centered, olive green patina, attractive example, Very Fine....$85 Photo

MC183. Crusader States, Sicily, William II, AD 1166-1189, AE Trifollaro. Lion head facing/Palm tree, Spahr 117. Near centered, dark brown patina slightly thick and rough on rev., clear lion head, decent example, Fine+/Fine....$75 Photo

Tripolis

MC116. Crusader States, Tripolis, Anonymous, attributed to Raymond II(?), ca 1145-1174, AE Star and Crescent Coppers. Shallow crescent surmounted by 8 point star, dots between rays/Cross with 3 annulets at end of each arm intersected by small linear cross with crescent and annulet on each arm, Metcalf 513ff. Near centered, crude and somewhat weak, types clear, Fine....SOLD Photo

MC114A. Crusader States, Tripolis, Anonymous, Bohemund I(IV), ca 1187-1233, AE Castle Copper, Type 2, ca 1187-1190. Castle gate/Cross, Metcalf 534. Near centered on oversized flan, brown patina with earthen highlighting, few slightly weak spots, about Very Fine....$85 Photo
MC114B. Crusader States, Tripolis, Anonymous, Bohemund I(IV), ca 1187-1233, AE Castle Copper, Type 2, ca 1187-1190. Castle gate/Cross, Metcalf 534. Near centered on irregular flan, some legend partly off, brown patina, Very Fine....SOLD Photo

MC111. Crusader States, Tripolis, Anonymous, ca 13th Century AD, AV Bezant, 62-63% gold standard (3.2g). Script each side, M. 487; Schl. V, 18. Centered, slight peripheral weakness but otherwise bold and well struck, SCARCE, Very Fine+....SOLD Photo

MC118B. Crusader States, Tripolis, Bohemund VI, ca 1251-1275, AR Gros grand (3.8g). Cross/Star in octofoil, CCS 22; Schl. IV, 19. Centered, clear types, toned, SCARCE, Very Fine....$295 HOLD Photo

MC117. Crusader States, Tripolis, Bohemund VII, ca 1275-1287, AR Gros grand (3.7g). Cross in 12- foil/Castle with 3 towers in 12-foil, Metcalf 497; CCS 26; Schl. IV, 21. Centered, clear types, light tone, SCARCE, Very Fine....SOLD Photo

Chios

MC608. Chios, Philip Maria Visconti, AD 1321-1436, AV Ducat (3.6g). Christ stands facing/Doge and St. Mark, in imitation of Venetian ducats, Schl. XIV, 14. Centered, evenly struck, nice for these, Very Fine+....SOLD Photo

Miscellaneous Crusader Coins - also listed elswhere on this page

MC240. German States, Aachen, Friedrich I Barbarosa, AD 1152-1190, AR Denar. Friedrich seated facing holding sword, star at shoulder/Castle walls. Near centered, light tone, some weakness of strike in spots as usual but picked from a small group and nicer than most, Friedrich Barbarosa died on his way to the Crusades, About Very Fine....SOLD Photo

MC316. Italy, Lucca, Henry III-V, ca AD 1039-1125, AR Denaro. 'H' in legend/Legend, CNI XI,Pl. 4, 28. Centered, light grey tone, reasonably clear types for these crude issues, a coin widely used in the First Crusade and often found in the Holy Land, this example actually was unearthed in the Holy Land, Fine-Very Fine....$75 Photo
For other examples from a hoard of these coins, see my Specials page.

MC309. France, Feudal, Le Puy, 12th-13th Century AD, AR Denier (0.8g). Cross with knobbed arms/Chrismon with knobbed arms, D. 839; Metcalf 596. Centered, grey tone, clear types, interesting type, this type sometimes found in hoards with Antiochene Crusader issues, Very Fine....SOLD Photo

MC301C. France, Feudal, Valence, ca 1157-1276, AR Denier (0.71g). Cross with globular ends, annulet in one quadrant, legends/Small eagle facing, legends, Roberts 4782. Near centered, few weak spots as usual, light tone, eagle clear, Very Fine....$85 Photo
(These are often found in pilgrim and crusader hoards. They are sometimes called 'angel' deniers as the figure takes on a more human form on early issues, but by the time of later issues such as this one it looks more like a bird.)

Anglo-Saxon and English Hammered Coinage

MC402. Anglo-Saxon, Continental Sceattas, ca AD 725-735, AR Sceat, 'N'. Dragon/2 men stand facing with crosses, S. 810, N. 98. Near centered, nicely struck, dark tone, RARE, Very Fine....$395 Photo

MC403. England, Anglo-Saxon, ca AD 695-740, Base Sceatta, Frisia, ca 715. 'Wodan' head/Monster, S. 843A, MEC 664. Near centered, nicely struck, flan notch as made, brown patina, RARE, Very Fine....$495 Photo

MC477B. England, Anglo-Saxon, Aethelred II, AD 978-1016, AR Penny, Crux type (1.3g). King bust left/Long cross, +NANGOD M'O EAXE, Exeter mint, S. 1151. Centered, nice clear types, Scandinavian 'peck marks', Very Fine....SOLD Photo
Both of these coins exhibit small peckmarks. These were made in the course of circulation to test that they were not counterfeit. research has determined that these marks were made during circulation in Scandinavia, demonstrating that these coins circulated there as well as England.

MC405. England, Henry I, 1100-1135, AR Penny (1.4g). Facing bust/Quadrilateral on cross fleury (Type XV), Canterbury mint, S. 1276. Obverse near centered, reverse somewhat off losing some legend, decent portrait (much nicer than usual), grey tone, fairly nice for these, SCARCE, Fine+ - about Very Fine....SOLD Photo

MC406. England, Henry I, 1100-1135, AR Penny (1.44g). Facing bust with sceptre/Quadrilateral on cross fleury (Type XV), PULFPINE, Canterbury mint, S. 1276. Obverse near centered, reverse somewhat off losing some legend, decent portrait (much nicer than usual), fairly nice for these, SCARCE, Very Fine....$750 Photo

MC482. England, Henry II, AD 1154-1189, AR Penny (1.21g), Class A, ca 1158-1163. Facing bust holding cross/Cross with crosslets, 'Tealby' coinage, Bust E, Winchester mint, S. 1337. Centered, grey tone, weakness in spots, especially legends, clear types, Fine+....SOLD Photo

MC483. England, Richard I, AD 1189-1199, AR Penny, Class 4a. King bust facing/Short cross, moneyer RICARD ON LVND, London mint, S. 1348A. Near centered obverse, reverse offcentered, some weakness in legends, clear portrait, grey tone, about Very Fine....SOLD Photo

MC484. England, John, AD 1199-1216, AR Penny (1.5g), Class Vc. King bust facing/Short cross, +WALTER ON LVNDE, London mint, ca 1205-1208, S. 1352. Near centered, some weakness in legends, nice clear portrait, light tone, Very Fine+....SOLD Photo

MC431. England, Henry III, 1216-1272, AR Penny, Class 8b3 (1.4g). Facing bust/Short cross, London mint, +NIChOLE ON LVND, from Colchester Hoard, Seaby 1357c. A little offcenter losing tops of some letters, small bent spot upper left obverse at edge, nice portrait, light tone, about Very Fine....SOLD Photo

MC495. England, Edward I (Longshanks), 1272-1307, AR Penny (1.2g). Facing Bust/Long Cross, London mint. Nicely centered, well struck, clear legends, nice portrait, light tone, Very Fine....SOLD Photo
Edward I was called Longshanks because he was tall. He was also known as the Hammer of the Scots and was responsible for placing John Baliol on the throne of Scotland (for a coin of John Baliol see below under Scotland)to counter the Robert the Bruce faction. He also expelled the Jews from England in 1290. On a better note, he reformed the currency in 1278-79, introducing a system that lasted until the time of Henry VII. He was the first to introduce the Groat (4 pence) which was later made a regular issue by Edward III. Round halfpence and farthings were also introduced in 1280, abolishing the Anglo-Saxon and Norman practice of cutting the pence in half or quarters for these denominations (although it didn't actually stop that practice). He is also known as the English Justinian for his reform and compilation of the laws, many of which are the basis for our system of law to this day.

MC496. England, Edward I (Longshanks), 1272-1307, AR Penny, Class II-IV. Facing Bust/Long Cross, London mint. Nicely centered, weakness as struck, clear portrait, dark tone, Fine....SOLD Photo

MC494. England, Edward I (Longshanks), 1272-1307, AR Penny, Class 3G. Facing Bust/Long Cross, ROBERT DE hADELEIE, Bury St. Edmunds mint, S. 1417. Nicely centered, well struck, clear legends, nice portrait, grey tone, the last issue that has a moneyer's name, Very Fine....SOLD Photo

MC497. England, Edward I (Longshanks), 1272-1307, AR Penny, Class 10e. Facing Bust/Long Cross, Durham mint. Slightly offcentered reverse, clear legends, decent portrait, dark grey tone, about Very Fine....$125 Photo

MC435. England, Edward I (Longshanks), 1272-1307, AR Penny. Facing Bust/Long cross, Type 2b, after 1296, Berwick-on-Tweed mint, Seaby 1415. Near centered, slight weakness in spots, decent portrait of nicer style, some weakness in legends, dark grey tone, Very Fine....$225 Photo

MC491. England, Edward I (Longshanks), 1272-1307, AR Farthing, Class 3de (0.39g). Facing Bust/Long cross, Lincoln mint, Seaby 1453. Near centered, nice portrait, clear legends, grey tone, RARE, Very Fine+....$425 Photo

MC499. England, Edward II, 1307-1327, AR Farthing. Facing Bust/Long cross, London mint, Seaby 1474. Slightly offcentered obverse, nice portrait, clear legends, toned, Very Fine....$125 Photo

MC407. Edward III, 1327-1377, AR Groat (4.54g). Facing bust/Cross, legends, IM cross 1, Series D, London mint, ca 1352-1353, S.1566; North 1152. Centered, some weakness, light grey tone, clear portrait, decent example, Scarce, Edward III introduced this denomination into the regular coinage, Fine+....$175 Photo
Edward III was very inspired by the stories of King Arthur and his Knights of the Round Table. He began the Order of the Garter in 1348 and originally intended for the Order to be made up of twenty four knights. However, during 1349/50 it consisted of himself as Sovereign and 25 Knights Companion, one of whom was the Prince of Wales , the black Prince . Most of these 'founder knights' were younger military men, skilled in battle and tournaments. The other founder knights had all served in the French campaigns of the time, including the battle of Crécy and three were foreigners who had previously sworn allegiance to the English king, making twenty six knights in all. It was intended by Edward III to be the highest reward for loyalty and military merit.
It was also during this reign that Geoffrey Chaucer, famous as author of the Canterbury Tales, began his public career. In 1359–60 he was with the army of Edward III in France, where he was captured by the French but ransomed. He married Philippa Roet, who was probably the sister of John of Gaunt's third wife; she was a lady-in-waiting to Edward III's queen. During the years 1370 to 1378, Chaucer was frequently employed on diplomatic missions to the Continent, visiting Italy in 1372–73 and in 1378. From 1374 on he held a number of official positions, among them comptroller of customs on furs, skins, and hides for the port of London (1374–86) and clerk of the king's works (1389–91). It was during this later time, mostly after 1387, that he wrote the Canterbury Tales for which he is most famous. The official date of Chaucer's death is Oct. 25, 1400. He was buried in Westminster Abbey.

MC412. Edward III, 1327-1377, AR Halfpenny, Florin coinage. +EDWARDVS REX, Facing bust/CIV TAS LON DON, cross, Seaby 1557. Centered, grey tone, slight weakness lower part of portrait, decent example of scarcer denomination, Fine+ - about Very Fine....$90 Photo

MC440. England, Richard II, AD 1377-1399, AR Half Penny (0.6g). King bust facing, intermediate style/Cross, London mint, S.1699. Centered, some weakness in a few letters, name clear, nice clear portrait, dark grey tone, SCARCE, about Very Fine....SOLD Photo

MC438. England, Henry V, AD 1413-1422, AR Groat. King bust facing/Cross, S.1765. Nicely centered, toned, well struck with nice portrait and clear rev., SCARCE, Very Fine....$950 Photo
Henry V was the king who won back the French territories and was so eloquently written about by Shakespeare.

MC439. England, Henry VI, AD 1422-1461, AR Penny (0.8g). King bust facing/Cross, York mint, rosette-mascle issue, 1427-30, Archbishop Kemp. Reverse slightly offcentered, dark grey tone, spots of weakness both sides, Fine....SOLD Photo

MC441. Edward IV, 1461-1483, AR Halfpenny (0.4g). Facing bust/Cross, cinquefoil (1480-83), London mint, S. 2137. Centered on irregular flan, grey tone, some weakness in legends, decent example of scarcer denomination, Fine+ - about Very Fine....SOLD Photo

MC442. Edward IV, 1461-1483, AR Halfpenny. Facing bust/Cross, ca 1467-68, York mint, S. 2076. Centered on irregular flan, grey tone, weakness in spots, scarcer denomination, Fine....SOLD Photo

MC432. England, Henry VIII, AD 1509-1547, AR Groat (2.3g), 2nd coinage, 1526-44. Young bust rt./Cross and shield of arms, IM: Lis, S. 2337E. Centered, grey tone, nice portrait, about Very Fine....$475 Photo

MC436. England, Edward VI, AD 1547-1553, AR Shilling, Fine Silver issue, 1551-53. Young bust facing, XII to rt./Cross and shield of arms, IM: Y(1551), London mint, S. 2482. Centered, grey tone, 2 very small flan flaws at edge, some old light scratches reverse, nice portrait, Fine+....SOLD Photo

MC419. England, James I, AD 1603-1625, AR Shilling, 2nd coinage. King bust rt., XII behind/Shield, cross, Escallop(1606-1607), London mint, Seaby 2655. Centered, light grey tone, clear types and legends, SCARCE, Fine+ - about Very Fine....SOLD Photo
James I was the king who authorized the version of the Bible that still bears his name - the King James Version of the Bible. His reign also saw the establishment of the first successful English colony in North America at Jamestown, Virginia in 1607. This coin was struck at about the same time as Jamestown Settlement was being founded.

MC456. England, Charles I, AD 1625-1649, AR HalfCrown (14.8g). King on horse left/Shield of arms, mintmark triangle in circle, 1641-43, Tower mint, S. 2775. Centered on irregular flan, clear types with spots of weakness due to strike, grey tone, Fine....$295 Photo

Anglo-Gallic

MC489. Anglo-Gallic France, Aquitaine, Guillaume IX-X, AD 1086-1126; 1126-37, AR Denier (0.8g). Cross/4 small crosses, Bordeaux mint, D. 1020; B. 462(G.X). Centered, grey tone, clear types, SCARCE, Very Fine....SOLD Photo

MC492A. Anglo-Gallic France, Aquitaine, Richard I, the Lion-hearted, AD 1189-1199, Duke, AD 1172-1185, AR Denier. + RICA RDVS W in 4 lines/Cross, Bordeaux mint; Civrac Hoard, Elias 4. Centered, light tone, Very Fine....SOLD Photo

MC492B. Anglo-Gallic France, Aquitaine, Richard I, the Lion-hearted, AD 1189-1199, Duke, AD 1172-1185, AR Denier. PIC TAVIE NSIS IN 3 LINES/+RICARDVS around Cross, Poitou mint; Civrac Hoard, Elias 8. Centered, light tone, Very Fine.... SOLD Photo

MC492C. Anglo-Gallic France, Aquitaine, Richard I, the Lion-hearted, AD 1189-1199, Duke, AD 1172-1185, AR Obole. + RICA RDVS W in 4 lines/Cross, Bordeaux mint; Civrac Hoard, Elias 6. Centered, toned, worn but mostly clear types, Fine....SOLD Photo

MC488. Anglo-Gallic France, Aquitaine, Edward the Black Prince, died AD 1376, AR Demigros (2.0g). Edward bust rt., sword on shoulder/Cross, LaRochelle mint, Elias 182. Nicely centered and decently struck, some die clashing evident obverse (the lines of weakness that correspond to the cross on the reverse), grey tone, Very Fine....$575 Photo

MC490. Anglo-Gallic France, Aquitaine, Richard II, 1377-1399, AR Hardi d'Argent. Richard bust facing with sword/Long cross and legends, lis and lions in quadrants, Elias 228. Centered, bold clear portrait and clear legends, light grey tone, Very Fine+....$275 Photo

Scotland

MC256. Scotland, William the Lion, AD 1165-1214, AR Penny (1.4g), Phase B, ca 1205-1230. King bust left/Short cross, stars, Ex. N. Brodie Collection, S. 5029. Centered, some of usual weakness but overall clear and decent for these, grey tone, RARE, about Very Fine....$625 Photo

MC119A. Scotland, Alexander III, 1249-1286, AR Penny (1.3g), 2nd coinage, AD1280-. Bust left holding cross/Cross, star in each quadrant (24 points), S. 5054. Centered on slightly irregular flan, some slight weakness as usual due to strike but overall clear, grey tone, Very Fine....$225 Photo
The popularity of the movie Braveheart, medieval re-enactments and the history of the period and a resurgence in Scottish history have made these popular pieces. The issues of the principals from Braveheart are all rare and expensive. This coin was circulating at the time the story took place and represents an affordable link to that time.

MC251. Scotland, John Baliol, AD 1292-1296, AR Penny, 2nd coinage. King bust left/Long cross, stars with 20 points, Edinburgh mint, Seaby 5071. Centered, clear portrait, medium grey tone, SCARCE, Fine+....$625 Photo
A coin directly from the time of William Wallace (Braveheart).

MC252. Scotland, John Baliol, AD 1292-1296, AR Halfpenny, 2nd coinage. King bust left/Long cross, 2 stars, Edinburgh mint, Seaby 5074. Centered, clear portrait, medium grey tone, RARE, Fine....$475 Photo
A coin directly from the time of William Wallace (Braveheart).

MC248. Scotland, David II, AD 1329-1371, AR Groat, 3rd coinage, 1357-1371. King bust left/Long cross, stars with trefoils, Edinburgh mint, Seaby 5125. Centered, nice clear portrait, toned, about Very Fine....$475 Photo

MC254. Scotland, James V, AD 1513-1542, Billon Plack, 1st coinage, 1513-1526. Crowned shield with lion rampant/Open cross, star in center, Edinburgh mint, Ex. Dundee(#110), Ex. Linlithgow Hoard, Seaby 5381. Centered on slightly irregular flan, dark tone, clear types, about Very Fine-Very Fine....SOLD Photo

Ireland

MC330. Ireland, John, as King, AD 1199-1216, AR Penny (1.4g). King bust facing in triangle/ROBERD ON DIVE, star in crescent, 3 pellets within triangle, 3rd coinage, ca 1207-1211, S. 6228. Centered, light tone, nice portrait and reverse, Very Fine+....SOLD Photo

MC331. Ireland, Henry III, AD 1216-1272, AR Penny. King bust facing in triangle/DAVI ON DIVEEL, Dublin mint, ca 1251-1254, S. 62240ff. Centered, attractive tone, nice portrait and reverse, Very Fine+....$325 Photo

Denmark

MC336. Denmark, Sven Estridsen, AD 1047-1074, AR Penny (1.0g). Christ enthroned/Long cross, Lund mint, Hbs.6. Centered, flan slightly wrinkly as usual, bold and clear types, toned, SCARCE, Very Fine/about Very Fine....SOLD Photo

France

MC300. France, Carolingian, Charles the Bald, AD 840-877, AR Denier (0.93g). Karolus monogram/Cross, legend, Amiens mint, MEC 850var; MG 760. Slightly offcentered both sides, legends and types clear and bold, dark tone, Very Fine+....SOLD Photo

MC307. France, Maine, Successors of Herbert I, AR Denier Mansois (1.19g). Monogram/Cross, Roberts 4123. Centered, light tone, slight weakness but clear types and legends, about Very Fine....$75 Photo

MC313. France, Normandy, Richard I, AD 943-996, AR Denier. Church, X within, dot in pediment/Cross, Rouen mint, D.16. Centered, well struck and clear, nice for these, SCARCE, Very Fine....SOLD Photo
This is the third king of Viking Normandy and the first collectible coin in the series. The first king struck no coins and Richard's predecessor struck a small number of expensive but rather miserable looking issues.

MC315. France, Normandy, Richard I, AD 943-996, AR Denier. Monogram of Archbishop Hugh/Cross, pellets in quadrants, D.18. Centered, well struck and clear, nice for these, SCARCE, Very Fine....$375 Photo

MC304. France, Feudal, Auxerre, 12th Century AD, AR Denier. Cross in legend/Cross, pellets in border. Centered, couple of small edge notches, light porosity, some legend weak, clear types, Fine....$50 Photo

MC309. France, Feudal, Le Puy, 12th-13th Century AD, AR Denier (0.8g). Cross with knobbed arms/Chrismon with knobbed arms, D. 839; Metcalf 596. Centered, grey tone, clear types, interesting type, this type sometimes found in hoards with Antiochene Crusader issues, Very Fine....SOLD Photo

MC301C. France, Feudal, Valence, ca 1157-1276, AR Denier (0.71g). Cross with globular ends, annulet in one quadrant, legends/Small eagle facing, legends, Roberts 4782. Near centered, few weak spots as usual, light tone, eagle clear, Very Fine....$85 Photo
(These are often found in pilgrim and crusader hoards. They are sometimes called 'angel' deniers as the figure takes on a more human form on early issues, but by the time of later issues such as this one it looks more like a bird.)

MC306. France, Feudal, Vienne, Archbisops, 11th Century AD, AR Denier (0.85g). Bust of Saint Maurice left/Cross, Roberts 5045; B. 1045. Centered, nicely struck, light tone, Very Fine....$95 Photo

MC212. France, Feudal, Toulouse, Raymond V-VII, AD 1148-1249, AR Denier. RHNON COMES, Cross/+TOLOSA CIVI PHX(=PAX), Roberts 4226. Near centered, light tone, some slight weakness in spots but overall well struck, Very Fine.... SOLD Photo

MC212A. France, Feudal, Toulouse, Raymond V-VII, AD 1148-1249, AR Obol. RHNON COMES, Cross/+TOLOSA CIVI PHX(=PAX), Roberts4227var. Centered, light tone, some slight weakness in spots but overall well struck, Very Fine....$75Photo

MC354. France, Provincial, Tornus, Abbey, Anonymous, ca AD 1100, AR Denier. Bust of Saint Valerian rt./Cross, B. 1197. Near centered, nice clear portrait, light tone, SCARCE, Fine+ - Very Fine....$225 Photo

MC360. France, Lorraine, Charles II, AD 1390-1431, AR Gros (2.1g). Ruler stands with sword/Cross, legends, Nancy mint, S. IX, 18. Centered, one modest edge split as made, grey tone, clear types, a coin from the time and region of Joan of Arc, Fine....$175 Photo

MC361. France, Lorraine, Charles II, AD 1390-1431, AR Denier (0.728g). Shield/Sword between 2 rosettes, Roberts 1359, B. 1486. Centered, one small edge split as made, light tone, clear types, a coin from the time and region of Joan of Arc, about Extremely Fine....SOLD Photo

MC362. France, Charles VI, AD 1380-1422, AR Blanc Guenar. Shield/Cross, Paris mint, D. 377c. Centered, grey tone, clear types, another coin from the time of Joan of Arc, Very Fine....SOLD Photo

MC363. France, Charles VI, AD 1380-1422, AR Blanc Guenar. Shield/Cross, Tournai mint, D. 377c. Centered, light tone, clear types, another coin from the time of Joan of Arc, Very Fine....$145 Photo

German States, including Austria

MC240. German States, Aachen, Friedrich I Barbarosa, AD 1152-1190, AR Denar. Friedrich seated facing holding sword, star at shoulder/Castle walls. Near centered, light tone, some weakness of strike in spots as usual but picked from a small group and nicer than most, Friedrich Barbarosa died on his way to the Crusades, About Very Fine....SOLD Photo

MC245. German States, Aachen, Ludwig I der Bayer, 1314-1347, AR Esterlin. King bust facing/Long cross, legends, 3 pellets in each of 3 quadrants and an eagle in the other quadrant, imitating English pennies of that time, with REX in obv. legend (thus before 1328), doubled strike obv. but details clear, rev. very nice and bold, attractive toning, nice example, Very Fine....$165 Photo

MC156. German States, Kempten, City Coinage, 1625, AR Kreuzer. Double-headed eagle/Eagle in shield, KM72. Centered, toned, RARE, Fine....$75 Photo

MC154. German States, Nurnberg, ca 1400, AR Pfennig. Eagle/Shield. Centered, weak but clear, light grey tone, SCARCE, Fine....$85 Photo

MC129. German States, Olesnica, Ols, Anonymous, ca 1430, AR Heller. Eagle walking/Eagle on shield, Saurma-116/44. Centered, clear and bold with little weakness, toned, SCARCE, Very Fine....$75 Photo

MC339. German States, Regensburg, Bishopric, Siegfried, 1227-1246, AR Pfennig. Griffin rt., stars around edge/Virgin, stars, Peus 319, #504; Metcalf 18(Coinage of S. Germany in 13th Century). Near centered, some weakness obverse, die clashing with some loss of design reverse, light tone, Very Fine/about Very Fine....$75 Photo

MC157. German States, Schaumburg, Ernst in Pinneburg, 1601-1622, AR Groschen, dated 1617, Saurma 1702. Centered, bold and clear with only slight weakness in a few spots, Very Fine....SOLD Photo

MC341. German States, Stendal, 15th Century AD, AR Hohlpfennig (0.26g). City arms (half-eagle and diamonds)/Incuse, Saurma4825. Near centered, bold and clear, grey tone, Very Fine....$95 Photo

MC235A. German States, Swabia, Halle, ca 14th Century, AR Heller. Hand/Cross, Saurma 1364/607. Centered, appears to be overstruck with a small pierce to the side of the design and near the edge, apparently due to the overstriking, bold clear hand, some garbling on rev. but mostly clear, unusual, Very Fine....$60 Photo

Hungary

MC132. Hungary, Bela III, AD1172-1196, AE. Script/Script, R-P VI,102. Near centered, bold and clear, I have 5 nice examples right now as follows, each grading Very Fine-Very Fine+ and priced at $50 each:
MC132B.Photo
MC132C.SOLDPhoto
MC132D.Photo

MC133. Hungary, 12th Century (ca 1180), AR Denar. Large cross with smaller crosses in quadrants/Concentric circles with crosses inside. Centered, bold, light grey tone, Very Fine....SOLD Photo

MC134. Hungary, Bela IV, 1235-1270, AR Denar. King's bust facing/Eagle, Huz.313. Centered, face mostly clear, weak spots especially in legends, this the popular issue with the Jewish mintmaster's mark in the obverse legend (slightly weak but clear), decent example, toned, SCARCE, Fine+....SOLD Photo

MC151. Hungary, Bela IV, 1235-1270, AR Denar. King's head on winged lion left/Head above cross, H.336. Centered, clear with only minor weakness, nice example, Fine+....SOLD Photo

MC193. Hungary, Karl Robert, AD 1308-1342, AR Denar. Facing bust of enthroned king/Shield of arms, Rethy-Probst XXIII,18. Near centered, KAROL clear obv., rest of legend partly weak, clear portrait, most of rest is somewhat garbled or weak due to double striking, Fine+/Fine....SOLD Photo

MC162. Hungary, Ludwig I, Szerecan, 1342-1382, AR Denarius Saracensis. Saracen head left/Patriarchal cross, Rethy-Probszt XXVI,89A. Near centered, bold and clear, Very Fine....SOLD Photo

MC198A. Hungary, Ferdinand I (Hapsburg), AD 1526-1564, AR Denar. Shield of arms/Madonna and child, dated 1544. Centered, nicely struck and clear, light tone, Very Fine+....SOLD Photo

Italian States

MC316. Italy, Lucca, Henry III-V, ca AD 1039-1125, AR Denaro. 'H' in legend/Legend, CNI XI,Pl. 4, 28. Centered, light grey tone, reasonably clear types for these crude issues, a coin widely used in the First Crusade and often found in the Holy Land, this example actually was unearthed in the Holy Land, Fine-Very Fine....$75 Photo
For other examples from a hoard of these coins, see my Specials page.

MC317. Italy, Genoa, ca AD 1139-1339, AR Denaro. IANVA, Castle gate/CVNRADI REX, Cross. Centered, light grey tone, clear types, also considered a Crusader coin by many, Very Fine....$95 Photo

MC141C. Italy, Venice, Francesco Dandolo, AD 1328-1339, AR Soldino. Doge with gonfalon/Lion of St. Mark, nimbate, Thomsen 1862. Centered, some slight weakness in spots, types and most legend clear, grey tone, Fine+....SOLD Photo

MC138. Italy, Venice, Andrea Gritti, AD 1523-1538, AR Mocenigo o Lira. Christ stands facing on platform inscribed PL/Doge kneels left before St. Mark standing rt. Centered, some weakness in legends but overall nicely struck with clear types and a nice clear figure of Christ, Fine+ - about Very Fine....$225 Photo

MC142. Italy, Venice, Pietro Lando, AD 1539-1545, AR Mocenigo o Lira. Christ stands facing on platform inscribed FZ/Doge kneels left before St. Mark standing rt., P. pg.60, 5(R1). Centered, some weakness in spots but overall clear with a nice clear figure of Christ, about Very Fine....$275 Photo

Lithuania

MC299. Lithuania, Alexander I, AD 1490-1506, AR Half Groschen. Teutonic knight on horseback left/Eagle. Three examples offered here, all with some weakness as struck and somewhat worn but types and name mostly clear. Each is $45:
A. Photo
B. SOLDPhoto
C. Photo
D. Photo
E. Photo

Poland

MC259.Poland, 1616, AR Dreipolcher. Cross on globe/Shield of arms, Saurma 5452/2866. Nicely centered, well struck, light tone, Very Fine....$60 SOLD Photo

Portugal

MC280. Portugal, Alfonso V, 1438-1481, AR Espadim. Hand holding sword/Shield of arms. Centered, light tone, very slight porosity, slight wrinkle in center indicating it may have been bent at one time as protection against witches, now reflattened, found in England, Fine+....SOLD Photo

MC281. Portugal, Philip III (Philip IV of Spain), 1621-1640, Meio Tostao, counterstamped '60' (reis) in 1642, KM 420.1. Centered, toned, SCARCE, coin grades Fine, counterstamp is Very Fine....$225 Photo

Malacca

- as Portuguese colony
Malacca, located in present-day Malaysia, was a major port along the spice-route. The city was so coveted by the European powers that the Portuguese writer Barbarosa wrote 'Whoever is Lord in Malacca has his hand on the throat of Venice.'

MC283. Malacca, Joao III, 1521-1557, AE Dinhero. Cross/Globe with lines, Lisbon mint, SS-J 3.07. Centered, bold and clear, brown patina with earthen highlighting, Very Fine+....$125 Photo
The lines on the globe for this and some following examples represent latitude and longitude lines and the transverse broad line likely represents navigation by the Portuguese navy, a global power at the time.

MC284. Malacca, Joao III, 1521-1557, AE Soldo. Crowned shield/Globe with lines, Malacca mint, SS-J 3.10. Near centered, brown patina, worn, types mostly clear, Fine/Very Good....$50 Photo

MC285. Malacca, Joao III, 1521-1557, AE Dinhero. Crowned shield/Globe with lines, Malacca mint, SS-J 3.11. Obverse offcentered, brown patina, worn, types mostly clear, about Very Fine/Fine....$65 Photo

MC286. Malacca, Joao III, 1521-1557, AE Dinhero. Cross, letters in quadrants/Globe with lines, Malacca mint, SS-J 3.12. Centered, crusty reverse, nice obverse, crusty Very Fine....$50 Photo

MC287. Malacca, Sebastiano, 1557-1578, AE Dinhero. B-A either side of 6-rayed 'star'/Globe with transverse lines, Malacca mint, SS-S 15. Centered, bold though crude design, all types clear, Very Fine+....SOLD Photo

MC288. Malacca, Sebastiano, 1557-1578, AE Dinhero. Galley/Crowned shield, SS-S 19. Centered, dark brown patina, some encrustation on shield reverse, clear types, Very Fine....$110 Photo

MC289. Malacca, ca 1593-1640s, AE Bazzarucca. cross in circle of pellets/Crowned shield in circle, SS-B 2.01. Centered on irregular flan, brown patina, clear types, Fine-Fine+....$50 Photo

Spain

MC318. Spain, Alphonso VIII, AD 1158-1214, AR Denaro. City walls, 2 stars and cross above/Shield of arms, Toledo mint, Cayon 1046. Near centered, crude as always but types are clear, light tone, Alphonso was one of the victors at the battle of Las Naves de Tolosa, Very Fine....$195 Photo
This and the following issues date to a time when the Spanish were attempting to drive the Moors from Spanish soil. For a coin of the Moors from this time see the Islamic page.

MC319. Spain, Alphonso VIII, AD 1158-1214, AR Denaro. King bust left/Castle, 2 stars and cross above. Near centered, crude as always but types are clear, grey tone, Alphonso was one of the victors at the battle of Las Naves de Tolosa, about Very Fine....SOLD Photo

MC320. Spain, Alphonso X, AD 1252-1284, AR Denaro. Castle/Lion rampant left, Seville mint, C and C 1171. Centered, types clear, toned, about Very Fine....$45 Photo

MC310. Spain, Castile y Leon, Sancho IV, 1284-1295, AR Denaro. Bust left/City/Castle walls, Heiss pl. 5, 4. Centered, strong portrait and city walls, toned, a very nice example for these often crude issues, Very Fine+....$125 Photo

MC312. Spain, 12th-13th Centuries AD, AR Square Millares (0.97g). Degenerate Arabic script both sides, a Christian imitation of Islamic Almohade coinage, M. 531. Near centered, evidence of doubling in strike, light tone, Very Fine....SOLD Photo

MC314. Spain, Castile y Leon, Alphonso XI, 1312-1350, AR Cornado. Bust left/City walls, Leon mint, AB 388.1. Near centered, strong portrait and city walls, some weakness in legends, light tone, a nice example for these often crude issues, Very Fine....SOLD Photo

MC308. Spain, Enricus III, 1390-1406, AR Real. Castle walls/Lion rampant left, H. pl. 10, 26. Near centered, some weakness in spots but overall decent strike and clear, dark tone, a nice example for these often crude issues, about Very Fine....$75 Photo

Spanish Colonies in America

Cob Coinage

MC349. Spanish America, Charles II, Bolivia, Potosi mint, dated 1688, AR 4 Reales. Pillars, date (88), denomination/Cross with lions and castles in quarters. Somewhat offcenter each side, denomination weak but discernable, date strong, toned, Fine-about Very Fine....$295 Photo

MC352. Spanish America, Philip V, Bolivia, Potosi mint, dated 1706L, AR 2 Reales. Pillars, date (06), denomination/Cross with lions and castles in quarters. Centered on oblong flan, denomination and date strong, rev. weak and unclear, light tone, Very Fine/Very Good....$125 Photo

MC353. Spanish America, Ferdinand VI, Mexico, dated 1748Q, AR 2 Reales. Pillars, date (748), denomination/Cross with lions and castles in quarters. Near centered on small thick flan, denomination and date strong, toned, Very Fine....$195 Photo

Russia

MC225. Russia, Mikhail Fiodorovich, AD1613-1645, AR Kopek. Horseman rt./Cyrillic legend.
A. Near centered, bottom of horseman partly off, some legend off rev. (these almost never have a full legend), about Very Fine/Fine....SOLDPhoto
D. Near centered obv., top of horseman's head partly off, rev. centered with most legend present and fairly clear (these almost never have a full legend), nice detail on most of horseman, about Very Fine/Fine....SOLD Photo
Mikhail was the first Romanov in a dynasty that lasted until the assasination of the czar and his entire family in 1917.
Wire kopeks were actually struck on a piece of silver wire (hence the name) and generally come oblong and rough at each end. In addition, the dies were bigger than the coin blank (wire) and none show a full image of the entire die, with orientation determining to a large extent just how much of the image is shown. These are interesting little coins and were struck this way into the early 18th Century until discontinued by Peter the Great as he reformed and modernized Russia trying to bring it in line tecnologically with the rest of Europe.

MC246. Russia, Peter the Great, 1689-1725, AR wire Kopek. Csar on horse/Cyrillic legend. Somewhat offcenter as always, well struck and decent for these, as usual you would have to have several to get the whole legend and picture, but these were picked from a large group to get the best possible centering, etc. The scan is of a representative group, Fine -Very Fine, most on the nicer end.....SOLD Photo
Russia lagged behind much of early modern Europe for centuries. Peter the Great attempted to bring his country up to the level of the rest of Europe, with somewhat limited success. One area in which he made headway was that of the coinage. They had struck these crude little silver coins from pieces of wire cut to weight for centuries. These crude little coins (approx. 6mm by 9mm) represent the last of the old issues. They show a horseman with lance on the obv. and a Cyryllic legend (usually partial) on the reverse.

Romania

Dracula is a name known to all from the movies and books concerning the legend made famous by Bram Stoker's tale. But Dracula was not a tale created out of thin air; he was a real prince - Vlad Tepes of the House of Basarab, ruler of Wallachia in Romania from 1456-1462. The name Dracula, meaning little dragon, was inherited from his famous father, Vlad Dracul (1436-1446), who allied himself with Sigismund of Hungary against the Turks and is often confused with Dracula himself. In gratitude Sigismund made him a knight of the Dragon Order, founded to fight for both Christianity and Sigismund. His son(Dracula) swore his life to bloody combat against the Moslem Turkish invaders of his Chrisitan homeland. Refusing to submit to his enemies, he executed 20,000 of them (both domestic and Turkish) in his short span of six years. When Turkish emissaries of the Sultan refused to remove their headgear (some say helmets, some say turbans), Dracula returned their heads to the Sultan with the headgear nailed in place. His brutality gave him the name 'the Impailer' during his lifetime and his lust for vengeance was well known in Europe in the 1400's. The stories persisted for hundreds of years, finally culminating in the transformation wrought by Bram Stoker of the vampire Count Dracula. I have often been asked to obtain a coin of the famous Dracula. He issued no coins as far as we know, nor did his father, but these crude little silver coins made by his grandfather, Mircea, were the common circulating medium in his realm during the life of Dracula, and are the only extant numismatic link to Dracula. These coins have long been considered rare and are missing even in most specialized collections of Eastern European coinage.

MC204. Romania, Wallachia, Mircea the Old (Grandfather of 'Dracula'), 1386-1418, AR Denar. Shield/Eagle left on helmet - a small group of nicer than usual examples (these are often very crude issues), listed individually below:
MC204A.slight weakness, clear types, about Very Fine....SOLD Photo
MC204B.slight weakness in spots, some spots of light encrustation, clear types, about Very Fine....SOLD Photo
MC204C.slightly offcenter reverse, small spots of light encrustation, clear types, about Very Fine....SOLD Photo
MC204D.somewhat weak upper right each side, grey tone, mostly clear types, Fine+ - about Very Fine....SOLD Photo
MC204E.slight weakness obverse, nice reverse, about Very Fine/Very Fine....SOLD Photo

The Order Form should be fixed now. Give it a try. If you encounter any problems please email your order or inquiry to me at gclark32@hughes.net

HomePlace Order


gclark32@hughes.net